Course Descriptions

English Courses

100 Analytic College Writing (3) Corequisite: ENGL 100W.  Learn to express ideas clearly and effectively in well-developed, focused essays that support arguments with relevant and adequate evidence, and use the style and conventions of standard academic prose.  (ENGL 100 and ESE 100 are the same course.) 

100W – Analytic College Writing Workshop (1) Prerequisite: With tutorials, computer activities, and classroom activities, this course serves as the corequisite of ENGL 100.  Together, the purpose of ENGL 100/100W is to improve students’ ability to compose analytical college essays.  (ENGL 100W and ESE 100W are the same course.) 

101P Preparatory College Writing (3) Practice and instruction in college-level writing.  Writing, revision, grammar, rhetorical and research skills necessary for success in ENGL 101.  Enrollment determined by appropriate placement assessment.  (ENGL 101P and ESE 101P are the same course.)

101 Beginning College Writing (3) Introductory course in the fundamentals of expository prose. Grammatical and basic rhetorical concepts and practices necessary for successful college writing. Instructional fee.

105 Introduction to Creative Writing (3) Prerequisite: ENGL 101. Exploratory creative writing with the opportunity to write in various genres. No credit toward the major or minor.

200 Introduction to Literature (3) Introduction to the study of fiction, drama and poetry.
Critical understanding of literary types rather than of their historical development. Carries no credit toward the major.

206 Introduction to Language Structure and Language Use (3) Introduction to the nature, structure, development and use of English. How sounds are articulated and patterned in meaningful units (phonolog y); symbolic correspondence (phonics); rules of word formation (morpholog y); word history (etymolog y); and language use
(pragmatics). (Same as LING 206)

211 British Literature to 1760 (3) Major periods and movements, major authors and major forms through 1760.

212 British Literature from 1760 (3) Major periods and movements, major authors and major forms from 1760 through modern times.

221 American Literature to Whitman (3) Major writers such as Hawthorn, Poe, Melville, Emerson, Thoreau, Whitman and Dickinson.

222 American Literature from Twain to the Moderns (3) Major writers such as Twain, James, Crane, Heming way, Faulkner, O’Neill, Frost and Eliot.

250 Introduction to Multi-Ethnic Literatures of the U.S. (3) Introducing multi-ethnic literatures of the U. S., the course considers texts within their cultural, historical, and socio-political contexts.  Relates multi-ethnic literature to the creative and performing arts.  Themes covered may include diaspora, migration, memory, history, citizenship, and/or ethnic identities.  (CHIC 250, AFAM 250, ASAM 250 and ENGL 250 are the same course.)

300 Analysis of Literary Forms (3) Main literary forms-prose fiction, poetry and drama-are studied and analyzed. English majors should schedule this basic course as early as possible.

301 Advanced College Writing (3) Prerequisite: ENGL 101. Writing expository prose for non- English majors. Precision in rhetoric and development of individual style by concentration on matters of diction, audience, emphasis and persuasion. Meets upper-division writing requirement for approved majors.

302 Advanced Composition and Rhetoric for English Teachers (3) Prerequisite: ENGL 101. Expository prose, journalistic prose and creative writing for prospective teachers of English. Meets the university upper-division writing requirement for English majors. Requirement for application to English teaching credential.

303 The Structure of Modern English (3) Prerequisite: junior standing. Grammar of contemporary English. Modern English usage. Requirement for application to English teaching credential.

304 – Introduction to Rhetoric, Literacy, and Composition Studies (3)

Prerequisite: ENGL 101.  Theories and practices of language use in rhetoric, literacy and composition studies. 

305 The English Language in America (3) American English, its origins, regional and social dialects, and role in American history and in such institutions as schools, corpora- tions, government and the media. Requirement for application to English teaching credential. (Same as LING 305)

306 Intermediate Creative Writing (3) Prerequisites: completion of G.E. Categories C.1, C.2. Creative writing beyond the introductory level. Poetry, the short story and/or the one-act play.

307 Advanced Writing in English Studies (3) Prerequisite: ENGL/Comparative Literature majors who have completed their lower-division writing requirements. Interpretive frameworks of communities within the discipline of English Studies (literary studies, creative writing , English education, composition, cultural criticism). Uses discursive conventions of these communities to produce formal and informal texts of various genres.

315 Chaucer (3) Prerequisite: ENGL 101 or equivalent. Canterbury Tales and Chaucer’s language. Vocabulary, pronunciation, grammar and syntax of the East Midland dialect of Middle English.

316 Shakespeare (3) Prerequisite: ENGL 101 or equivalent. Study of the major plays.

317 Milton (3) Prerequisite: ENGL 101 or equivalent. Poetry and prose in the light of Milton’s intellectual development.

324 Introduction to African-American Literature (3) Literary contributions by major black American authors. Contemporary black writers and the recurring themes of protest and quest for identity. Not available for graduate degree credit. (AFAM 324 and ENGL 324 are the same course.)

326 The American Frontier in Literature (3) Prerequisite: any courses in American literature, American studies or American history. Thematic study of American literature as it reflects the changing frontier experience and establishes national myths and symbols.

327 Asian American Literature (3) (Same as ASAM 327)

328 Literature of the American Indians (3) Prerequisite: completion of any literature courses from G.E. Category C.2. The prose and poetry of the North American Indian tribes.

331 Shakespeare on Film (3) Prerequisite: ENGL 101. Analysis of representative Shakespeare plays, along with viewing and analyzing several film versions of each play. Uses literary and film terminolog y to write critical responses to drama and film, develop storyboards and conceptualize a Shakespeare play adaptation “pitch” with set, costume design and marketing strategy.

341 Children’s Literature (3) Prerequisite: completion of any literature course in G.E. Category C.2. World literature written primarily for children, including material from the oral tradition, realistic fiction, fantasy and poetry.

345T Trends and Movements in English Studies and Comparative Literature (3) Prerequisite: completion of all lower-division writing requirements and G.E. Categories A.1, A.2, A.3.  Various trends and movements in literature, composition and rhetoric, cultural studies, creative writing, or linguistics through a variety of critical lenses.  (ENGL 345T and CPLT 345T are the same course.)

350 Literature of the Environment (3) Prerequisite: ENGL 101.  How literature represents human relationships to the environment.  How writers express environmental values and concerns and construct definitions of the environment.  Covers multiple genres, such as nature writing, ecopoetry, place-based memoir and cli-fi, or climate-change fiction. 

355T Images of Women in Literature (3) Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. Images of women in genres such as autobiography, poetry, drama and novel. Individual sections may treat conventional literary periods or specific cultures. May be repeated with different content for additional credit. (Same as CPLT 355T)

356 – Queer Literature and Theory (3) Prerequisite: sophomore, junior or senior standing.  Representations and productions of heteronormativity, sexual orientation and gender roles in literature and critical theory.  Considers literary texts from different genres and critical theory from a variety of theorists.  (ENGL 356 and CPLT 356 are the same course.)

360 Scientific and Technical Writing (3) Open to science and non-science students. Scientific and professional writing and editing , with attention to outlines and abstracts, description, process explanation, instructions and funda- mentals of reports, feasibility studies, proposals, internal memos and letters.

363 – Scientific Writing (3) Prerequisite: completion of G.E. Category A.2.  Advanced composition stressing scientific rhetorical situations, genres and styles.  Writing, designing and editing journal articles, proposals, personal statements, research posters and portfolios.  Communicating with effective, scientific style at the sentence, paragraph and document levels.

365 Legal Writing (3) Advanced composition stressing logic, reasoning and legal analysis.

370 Horror Fiction (3) Prerequisite: ENGL 101 or equivalent. Horror/occult fiction (or “dark fantasy”) from Mary Shelley to the present, including such writers as E.A. Poe, J.S. LeFanu, Bram Stoker, H.P. Lovecraft, Fritz Leiber and Stephen King.

371 Fantasy Fiction (3) Prerequisite: ENGL 101 or equivalent. Fantasy in literature from Ariosto to Brautigan.

372 Detective Fiction (3) Prerequisite: ENGL 101 or equivalent. Detective fiction from Edgar Allan Poe to the present, including writers such as Sayers, Christie, Chandler, Hammett and Ross MacDonald.

373 Science Fiction (3) Prerequisite: ENGL 101 or equivalent. Science fiction as a literary genre, including future-scene fiction, the utopian novel, the superman/woman novel and short stories.

375 Literature in the Age of Film (3) Prerequisite: ENGL 101.  The world-wide impact of cinema on literary texts in the 20th century, especially the way storytelling in literature has been transformed by the incorporation of cinematic techniques.  All texts in English/English translation.

381 African Literature (3) Prerequisite: completion of any literature course from G.E. Category C.2. African literature written in the English language; the fiction, poetry and drama of the new nations. (Same as CPLT/ AFRO 381)

402 Theories of Response to Written Composition (2) Prerequisite: ENGL 301 and 303 or equivalents. Corequisite: ENGL 402S. May be taken for letter grade or credit/no credit.

402S Tutor Supervision (1) Prerequisites: ENGL 301, 303. Corequisite: ENGL 402. May be taken for letter grade or credit/no credit.

404T Advanced Creative Writing (3) Prerequisite: ENGL 306 or its equivalent. Instruction and practice in a workshop setting for the student with some experience in creative writing ; emphasizes writing for professional markets. Consult the class schedule to determine section’s emphasis. May be repeated for credit.

410 Language and Power in African American Culture (3)

Prerequisite: fulfill upper division writing requirement.  Language use within African American community.  Topics include language history, dialect vs. language, communicative practices, language in education policy, language and ideology, and language attitudes.  (ENGL 410 and AFAM 410 are the same course.)

416 Studies in Shakespeare (3) Prerequisite: ENGL 316. Problems of dramatic structure and artistic meanings.

423 Early American Literature (3) Prerequisite: ENGL 221. Literature of colonial and revolutionary America, including the Puritans, 18th-century deism and rationalism, and the literary antecedents of American democratic thought.

429 American Landscape in Literature (3) Literary perception of our environment, with special attention to what perceptions of the landscape reveal about human nature.

434 Literature for Junior and Senior High School (3) Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. Evaluation, selection and interpretation of fiction, non-fiction, drama and poetry reflecting the interests of young people ages 12 to 17.

442 Changing Words: History, Semantics, and Translation (3) (Same as LING 442)

450 Medieval Literature (3) Prerequisites: survey of English, American or world literature; an upper-division literature course; or equivalent. Readings in modern English translation from the medieval literature of England and the continent from St. Augustine to Sir Thomas Malory. (Same as CPLT 450)

451 Elizabethan and Jacobean Drama (3) Prerequisites: survey of English, American or world literature; an upper-division literature course; or equivalent. Dramatic tradition in plays by such dramatists as Marlowe, Jonson, Webster, Beaumont and Fletcher.

452 Elizabethan Poetry and Prose (3) Prerequisites: survey of English, American or world literature; an upper-division literature course; or equivalent. Non-dramatic literature of the English Renaissance.

453 17th-Century Poetry and Prose (3) Prerequisites: survey of English, American or world literature; an upper-division literature course; or equivalent. Non-dramatic literature of the period from 1603 to 1660 excluding Milton.

455 Restoration and 18th-Century Literature (3) Prerequisites: survey of English, American or world literature; an upper-division literature course; or equivalent. Major writers from prose, poetry and dramatic genres, such as Butler, Rochester, Dryden, Pepys, Swift, Addison and Steele, Pope, Boswell, Johnson, Sheridan, Wycherley and Gay, as well selected minor writers.

456 The Development of the English Novel through Jane Austen (3) Prerequisites: survey of English, American or world literature; an upper-division literature course; or equivalent. English novel from its beginnings to the 19th century, including such novelists as Defoe, Richardson, Fielding , Sterne and Austen.

457 The Romantic Movement in English Literature (3) Prerequisites: survey of English, American or world literature; an upper-division literature course; or equivalent. Major writers such as Burns, Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley and Keats.

458 Victorian Literature (3) Prerequisites: survey of English, American or world literature; an upper-division literature course; or equivalent. Major writers such as Carlyle, Tennyson, Browning , Arnold, Ruskin and Pater.

459 The Development of the 19th-Century English Novel (3) Prerequisites: survey of English, American or world literature; an upper-division literature course; or equivalent. Major novelists such as the Brontes, Thackeray, Dickens, Eliot and Hardy.

460 19th-Century American Literature (3) Prerequisite: junior, senior or graduate standing. Poetry, drama and prose in 19th-century America. Major writers such as Emerson, Stowe, Dickenson and Thoreau.

462 Modern British and American Fiction (3) Prerequisite: survey of English, American or world literature; an upper-division literature course; or equivalent. Modern British and American fiction from 1900-1960s.

463 Contemporary Fiction in English (3) Prerequisites: survey of English, American or world literature; an upper-division literature course; or equivalent. Fiction (novels and short stories) since the 1960s.

464 Modern British and American Drama (3) Prerequisites: survey of English, American or world literature; an upper-division literature course; or equivalent. British and American drama from 1900 to 1950.

465 Contemporary Drama in English (3) Prerequisites: survey of English, American or world literature; an upper-division literature course; or equivalent. Drama in English from the 1960s to the present.

466 Modern British and American Poetry (3) Prerequisite: survey of English, American or world literature; an upper-division literature course; or equivalent. British and American poetry from 1900 to the 1960s.

467 Contemporary Poetry in English (3) Prerequisites: survey of English, American or world literature; an upper-division literature course; or equivalent. Poetry in English from the 1960s to the present.

492 Modern Critical Theory (3) Prerequisite: ENGL 300 or equivalent. Major movements in
20th-century British and American criticism.

494 – Senior Seminar (3) Prerequisite: ENGL 307.  Study and engagement of a specific research topic with class and broader communities culminating in the production of a significant text.  

498 English Internship (1-3) Prerequisites: junior standing or consent of faculty supervisor. Practical application of literature and language studies outside the university. Specified hours, limited enrollment, credit/no credit; no credit toward major. May be repeated for a maximum of six units of credit.

499 Independent Study (1-3) Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. Open to advanced students in English with consent of department chair. May be repeated for credit.

500 Introduction to Graduate Studies in Literature (3) Research techniques, analytical approaches and theories of literature. Basic orientation in graduate literary studies.

509T Creative Writing Workshop (3) Intensive graduate-level workshop in creative writing. Students produce their own work, write critiques of others’ works and discuss opportunities for publication. Recommended for students with an interest in creative writing. Workshops may focus on writing poetry or fiction, or a mix of fiction and drama, depending on expertise of instructor. May be repeated for credit with different topic.

515 Professional Editing and Journal Production (3) First-hand experience editing and producing the English depart- ment’s literary journal, DASH. Students solicit, review and edit creative writing submissions; design and create one journal issue.

525T Proseminar in Literature, Rhetoric, or Writing (3) Comprehensive reading course focusing on a key area in literature, rhetoric or writing. Major primary works. Students are strongly advised to take proseminars before enrolling in seminars. May be repeated with different content for additional credit. (Same as CPLT 525T)

571T Graduate Seminar: Major Writers (3) As appropriate to the specialized research and publication of instructor; major figures such as Shakespeare, Dante, Cervantes, Goethe, Bronte, Twain, Joyce, Woolf and Morrison. May be repeated with different content for additional credit. (Same as CPLT 571T)

572T Graduate Seminar: Literary Genres (3) As appropriate to the specialized research and publication of instructor, major literary types such as the epic, novel, short story, lyric poetry, tragedy, comedy and historical drama. May be repeated with different content for additional credit. (Same as CPLT 572T)

573T Graduate Seminar: Cultural Periods (3) As appropriate to the specialized research and publication of instructor, the literature of a cultural period from Anglo-Saxon to modern times. May be repeated with different content for additional credit. (Same as CPLT 573T)

574T Graduate Seminar: Special Problems in Literature (3) As appropriate to the specialized research and publication of the instructor, special problems such as influences on literature, including philosophical, religious, scientific, geographic and other ecological viewpoints. May be repeated with different content for additional credit. (Same as CPLT 574T)

579T Graduate Seminar: Problems in Criticism (3) Historical development and schools of criticism. Individual offerings within this course number may deal with a single critical problem. May be repeated with different content for additional credit. (Same as CPLT 579T)

590 Writing Theory and Practice for Teaching Associates (3) Prerequisite: ENGL 402 and admission to the English Department Teaching Associate Program. Theory and practice of the composing process for the beginning college teacher of expository writing. Required of all English Department Teaching Associates during their first semester of teaching.

590S Teaching Associate Supervision (1) Prerequisite: ENGL 590. Supervised teaching of developmental writing and freshman composition. No credit toward the M.A. in English.

591T Seminar: Topics in Rhetoric and Composition (3) As appropriate to the specialized research of instructor,
special topics on rhetoric and composition, including historical and theoretical approaches. May be repeated with different content for additional credit.

595 M.A. Project Writing (3) Process of writing an M.A. project in literature, rhetoric and composition, or creative writing. To enroll in the course, students must receive prior departmental approval of their M.A. project proposal.

599 Independent Graduate Research (3)
Research projects in areas of specialization beyond regularly offered coursework. Oral and written reports. May be repeated with different content for additional credit.

 

Comparative Literature

312 The Bible as Literature (3) Prerequisite: completion of General Education (G.E.) Category C.2. Literary qualities of biblical literature and the influence of major themes upon Western literary traditions. (Same as CPRL 312)

315 Classical Mythology in World Literature (3) Prerequisite: completion of G.E. Category C.2. Greek and Roman myths that have been of continuing significance in Western world literature.

324 World Literature to 1650 (3) Prerequisites: junior or senior standing and completion of any literature course from G.E. Category C.2.  Asian and Western literature from the beginning to 1650.

325 World Literature from 1650 (3) Prerequisites: junior or senior standing and completion of any literature course from G.E. Category C.2. Asian and Western literature from 1650 to the present. 

345 T – Trends and Movements in English Studies and Comparative Literature (3) Prerequisites: completion of all lower-division writing requirements and G.E. Categories A.1, A.2, A.3.  Various trends and movements in literature, composition and rhetoric, cultural studies, creative writing, or linguistics through a variety of critical lenses.  (ENGL 345T and CPLT 345T are the same course.)

355T Images of Women in Literature (3) (Same as ENGL 355T) 

356 – Queer Literature and Theory (3) Prerequisite: sophomore, junior or senior standing.  Representations and productions of heteronormativity, sexual orientation and gender roles in literature and critical theory.  Considers literary texts from different genres and critical theory from a variety of theorists.  (ENGL 356 and CPLT 356 are the same course.)

380 Introduction to Asian Literature (3) Prerequisite: completion of any literature course from G.E. Category C.2. Selected translations of Arabic, Persian, Indian, Chinese and Japanese literature.  

381 African Literature (3) (Same as ENGL 381 and Afro-Ethnic Studies 381)  

382T Topics in Asian Literature (3) Prerequisite: completion of any literature course from G.E. Category C.2. Specific topics will vary from semester to semester. May be repeated with different content for additional credit.  

450 Medieval Literature (3) (Same as ENGL 450)  

451 Literature of the Renaissance (3) Prerequisites: survey of English, American, or world literature; an upper-division literature course; or equivalent. The Renaissance as a literary movement, from Erasmus to Montaigne and Cervantes.  

499 Independent Study (1-3) (Same as ENGL 499)  

525T Proseminar in Literature, Rhetoric, or Writing (3) 
(Same as ENGL 525T)  

599 Independent Graduate Research (3) 
(Same as ENGL 599)  

 

Linguistics Courses

LING 102    Languages of the World Description: The world's 7000 languages, highlighting their structural variety, history and use. Preserving the endangered languages and the development of language as a universal human cognititve capacity. 

LING 106    Language and Linguistics Description: The nature of language, its origin and development; language in culture, the structure of language and its systems of writing and transcription, and its application to other areas of humanistic and scientific knowledge. Units: (3)

LING 206  Introduction to Language Structure and Language Use Description: An introduction to the nature, structure, development, and use of English  Explores how sounds are articulated and patterned in meaningful units (phonology); symbolic correspondence (phonics); rules of word formation (morphology); word history (etymology); and language use (pragmatics).  (Same as English 206) Units: (3)

LING 305    The English Language in America Description: (Same as English 305) Units: (3)

LING 307    Speech/Language Development Description: (Same as Speech Comm 307/COMD 307) Units: (3)

LING 351    Introduction to Linguistic Phonetics and Phonology Description: The nature and structure of sound systems in language. A thorough investigation of the International Phonetic Alphabet as applied to many different languages including English. Language Acquisition (L1) and Language Learning (L2); analytic methods and techniques. Units: (3)

LING 360    Nonverbal Communication Description: Prerequisite: Linguistics 106 or Speech Comm 100. The physical actions, gestures and changes in the physiognomy that occur together with language and paralanguage in human communication; substitutions for language and modifications of it in varying cultures. (Same as Speech Comm 360/HCOM 360) Units: (3)

LING 375 – Meaning and Mind (3)  Prerequisite: six units of philosophy or six units of linguistics or three units of each.  Philosophical issues about language and mind, including topics such as meaning, reference, truth, speech act and belief.  (PHIL 375 and LING 375 are the same course.)

LING 406    Descriptive Linguistics Description: A study of the sounds (phonology), forms and meanings (morphology), and syntax of languages. Examples and problem-solving in various languages will be emphasized. (Same as Anthropology 406) Units: (3)

LING 408    Syntax Description: Prerequisite: one of the following: Linguistics 106, 406, or English 303. The study of sentence structure in human language. Practice in syntactic analysis in a variety of languages. Units: (3)

LING 412    Sociolinguistics Description: Prerequisite: Linguistics 406 or equivalent. Social dialects in relation to the surrounding communities. Social stratification, acculturation, language maintenance, standardization, language planning and language change. Units: (3)

LING 413    Child Language  Description: Prerequisites: LING 406 or ENG 303. An exploration of child language acquisition from birth to adult proficiency; stages and variation in child language; comparison of first- and second-language acquisition; current theories of language acquisition. Units: (3)

LING 416    Anthropological Linguistics Description: (Same as Anthro 416) Units: (3)

LING 417    Psycholinguistics Description: Prerequisite: Six hours of upper-division work in psychology or linguistics. Theory and research on the psychological processes that make possible language acquisition and written language; speech production; and language acquisition. (LING 417 and PSYCH 417 are the same course). Units: (3)

LING 430    Historical Linguistics Description: Prerequisite: Linguistics 406 or its equivalent. The comparative method in diachronic linguistic methodology and theory, graphemics, glottochronology, language families, dialect geography and internal reconstruction. Fulfills the course requirement of the university upper division baccalaureate writing requirement for linguistics majors. Units: (3)

LING 442    Changing Words: History, Semantics, and Translation Description: Prerequisite: Linguistics 351 or 430. Study of Etymology, related problems of Lexicography and translation. Recent developments in theory of semantic change as related to cultural shifts. Emphasis on words, collocations, idioms. (Same as English 442) Units: (3)

LING 469    Language, Sex Roles, and the Brain Description: Examines how gender socialization is reflected in the structure and use of language and whether gender differences in language are biologically based or a consequence of sex roles. Units: (3)

LING 492    Linguistic Fieldwork Description: Prerequisite: Linguistics 351 or 406. Methodology and practice of linguistic analysis and language description as practiced in the field. Data collection and processing of a non-Indo-European linguistic structure using native informants. May be repeated for credit. Units: (3)

LING 499    Independent Study Description: Supervised projects with consent of program coordinator. Topic varies with the student. May be repeated for credit. Units: (1-3)

LING 501    Research Methods and Bibliography Description: Prerequisites: graduate standing and Linguistics 406, or equivalent. Principal books, periodicals and collections in general linguistics, specific languages and related fields; techniques of preparing research papers and field reports in linguistics. Must be taken prior to Linguistics 597.
Units: (3)

LING 505    Phonological Analysis Description: Prerequisites: Linguistics 351 and 406. Phonological systems that occur in languages; emphasis on terminology used to describe changes in the system and processes affecting it; problem solving of selected language data. Units: (3)

LING 507    Grammatical Analysis Description: Prerequisite: Linguistics 406. Word formation in a variety of languages with emphasis on the terminology used to describe morphological representation on various levels; problem solving of selected language data. (Same as Anthro 507) Units: (3)

LING 508    Theories of Syntax Description: Prerequisite: Linguistics 408 or equivalent. Contemporary theories of grammar, such as transformational-generative, with emphasis on theoretical problems in the analysis of language structure. Units: (3)

LING 530    Graduate Seminar: Historical Linguistics Description: Prerequisite: Linguistics 430 or its equivalent. The history of language, including principles and techniques for the historical study and classification of individual languages and language families, writing systems, lexicostatistical methods and linguistic geography.
Units: (3)

LING 597    Project Description: Prerequisite: Linguistics 501. Preparation and completion of an approved project.
Units: (3)

LING 599    Independent Graduate Research Description: Prerequisites: graduate standing and consent of program coordinator. May be repeated for credit. Units: (1-3)